Step 1: Choose an appropriate immigration program
The first step is to select an immigration program that best meets your needs. Candidates have the obligation of choosing an immigration program that meets their individual needs, as Canada offers a variety of options. The following are examples of some of these programs.
- Express Entry System: This is the most popular program, and it may be further broken down into three different pathways;
- The Canadian Experience Class, sometimes known as the CEC, is a program that is intended for individuals who have previous professional experience in Canada. The experience should not be more than three years old and should have a minimum gap of one year.
- Federal Skilled Worker Programme (FSWP): Applicants that have job experience that is acceptable from another country.
- Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP): Trained workers who already have relevant work experience in trades that call for additional education and license.
- Family Sponsorship Program: Under the Family Sponsorship Program, an applicant must have either their spouse or other members of their immediate family sponsor them. In Canada, sponsorship can only be received from close blood relatives. It includes the partner, children, and grandparents of the recipient.
- Provincial Nomination Program: Each province in Canada has its own immigration policy that was developed in an effort to alleviate local labor shortages and attract skilled immigrants from around the world. It is the second most common means by which immigrants enter the country. Following is a list of provincial nomination programs, sometimes known as PNPs;
- Alberta Advantage Immigration Program or AAIP, for immigration to Alberta
- British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program or BC PNP for immigration to British Columbia
- Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program or MPNP for immigration to Manitoba
- Ontario Immigration Nominee Program or OINP for immigration to Ontario
- New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program or NBPNP for immigration to New Brunswick
- Nova Scotia Nominee Program or NSNP for immigration to Nova Scotia
- Saskatchewan Immigration Nominee Program or SINP for immigration to Saskatchewan.
- Yukon Nominee Program or YNP for Immigration to Yukon
- Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program or NLPNP for Immigrating to Newfoundland and Labrador.
- Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program for immigrating to Prince Edward Island.
- North Western Territories Nominee Program or NWT- PNP for immigrating to the Canadian territories.
- Quebec-selected Skilled Workers: The federal government of Canada, in conjunction with the government of Quebec, is responsible for directing and coordinating the initiative. In addition to that, it offers candidates a total of six different application methods:
- Regular Skilled Worker Program (RSWP)
- Quebec Experience Program
- International Mobility Program Plus
- Permanent Immigration pilot program for workers in food processing
- Permanent Immigration Pilot program for orderlies
- Permanent Immigration Pilot program for workers in AI, information technology, and visual effects sectors
- Business People
- Atlantic Immigration Program: If you qualify for this program, you will be able to submit an application for permanent residency in one of the four Atlantic Provinces of Canada, which are Newfoundland & Labrador, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. This immigration scheme into Canada is divided into two basic categories:
- AIPP for skilled workers
- AIPP for International Students
- Other programs are given as:
- Caregivers, Start-up Visa Program, self-employed program, Agri-food pilot, Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot, Refugee Program, Permanent Residence Pathways for Hong Kong residents and Economic Mobility Pathways Pilot.
Step 2: Creating a profile
The second step is to create a profile. If the immigration procedure is wholly conducted online, like Fast Entry, you will need to create an online profile and provide all of the essential information. For the Provincial Nominee Program, each province maintains a separate online profile portal of its own.
Step 3: Step 3: Confirm that you meet the requirements to participate in the Program.
After all of the information in your profile has been analyzed, you will then be given a score. There are many calculators available for use with the many types of immigration programs. For example, the Comprehensive Ranking System is utilized by the British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program whereas the Skills Immigration Registration System (SIRS) is utilized by the Express Entry program (CRS). Applicants who satisfy the conditions to submit an application to the IRCC for permanent residency in Canada are the ones who get an invitation to apply for the program.
In general, the following items make up the eligibility requirements for provincial nomination programs:
- The age of the applicant must be 21 or older.
- Must score at least the required minimum on the province’s point evaluation grid.
- Your employment must be enlisted on the province’s National Occupation Code (NOC) list.
- You must be equipped with the necessary skills and professional experience in the relevant field.
- In accordance with the Canada Learning Board (CLB) and other provincial criteria, you must possess a suitable level of language ability (Taking ielts).
Step 4: Receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA)
Receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for the Program is the fourth step. The invitation to apply for a Canadian immigration program will specify whether or not you are eligible to apply to IRCC for a PR visa through that particular pathway. As soon as you receive an invitation, you should start preparing the necessary papers.
An Individual Temporary Admission to Canada (ITA) should not be confused with a Permanent Resident Card (PR) of Canada. An Invitation to Apply for Permanent Residence in Canada (ITA) is not the completion of the immigration process; rather, it is just an invitation to apply for permanent residency in Canada.
Step 5: Applying to IRCC for permanent Residence in Canada
The fifth step is to submit an application for Canadian permanent residency to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) (PR)
Under each of the Canadian immigration programs, there is a waiting period of a couple of days that must pass before an application for a PR visa can be submitted to the IRCC. You are required to pay the fees related with the processing. For example, the candidate is given a time of sixty days after the awarding of an ITA to submit an application for permanent residency in Canada through Express Entry. This period begins once the candidate receives the ITA.
Step 6: Prepare all of your necessary documents
The following types of documents are typically required to be attested alongside the application:
- Documents supporting your English language test results
- Civil status documents such as your birth certificate
- Biometric which includes fingerprints and pictures
- Documents in proof of your education achievements
- Proof of funds
- Documents in proof of your work experience
- Medical certificate
- Medical certificate approved by the doctor from IRCC
- Police clearance certificate
After you have finalized all of the necessary paperwork, including medical exams, biometrics, and any other required papers; you can then submit your application.
Step 7: Receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (CoPR)
Obtain a confirmation that you are a permanent resident as the seventh step. The IRCC verifies the immigrant’s documents and biometrics before issuing a Certificate of Permanent Residence (CoPR) to the individual.
Your request could be denied for a number of reasons, including the following:
- Your linguistic ability does not meet the criteria. This is one of the most common causes for rejection.
- The quality of the medical reports does not meet expectations
- The applicant has a record of prior convictions
For further details and guidance you can contact Ease Immigration.